Kavir National Park is one of the largest and oldest protected area in Iran, located in Garmsar and some small sections of this area located in Tehran, Qom, and Isfahan. Kavir National Park has an area of 670 thousand hectares, which divided into the national park with an area of 420 thousand hectares and the protected area with 250 thousand hectares. This region contained various animal species, called the Little Africa of Iran. If you want to visit one of the nine nature reserves of Iran, hurry, it’s time to go for this adventure. Kavir National Park is the only national park in Iran that has no human habitat, Mining, and livestock grazing.
Wildlife of Kavir National Park
This vast area consists of 34 species of mammal, 155 species of bird, and 34 species of reptile.
Mammals of Kavir National Park
Asiatic cheetah, Persian leopard, wolf, striped hyena, sand cat, red fox, rüppell's fox, chinkara, wild goat, ovis, jackal, and caracal are the prominent mammals of Kavir National Park.
Birds of of Kavir National Park
Partridge, See-see partridge, pleske's ground jay, bustard, old world sparrow, finches, lark, differend Bird of prey such as Golden eagle, Sonqor, Common buzzard, Falcon, Barbary falcon, and Kestrel are the prominent birds of Kavir National Park. Moreover, you can see some migration birds such as phoenicopterus, ruddy shelduck, eurasian teal, goose, and duck.
Vegetation of Kavir National Park
There are 355 plant species, in Kavir National Park that 20 species are endemism. You will see different kinds of Xerophyte and halophyte that are compatible with the lack of water and soil salinity. There are mugworts in the smooth parts, Atraphaxis spinosa on the stone foothills, prunus scoparia, cotoneaster, and pistacia terebinthus on the foothills. Moreover, there are lycium ruthenicum, tamarisk, and cane around the springs.
What is the best time to go?
Garmsar is located in Semnan Province. Due to the dry and hot climate of Semnan province, suggest you visit Kavir National Park during the spring.
How to get there?
Kavir National Park ends to the Tehran to Garmsar road from the north, Semnan desert from the east, north of Isfahan province from the south, and Qom salt lake from the west. To enter Kavir National Park, you have three alternatives as follows:
- The main path is Tehran- Pishva- Mobarakiyeh that starts from Varamin. At first, you should go to Pishva then go through back roads beside the Tehran-Mashhad railway. When you get the Abardej Train Station, you can get to the entrance of Kavir National Park through a dirt road.
- Garmsar to Qasr-e Bahram: There is an asphalt road from Garmsar to the Kahak village, you can reach the park ranger of Qasr-e Bahram within 30 kilometers. Pay attention to this point that this path is like a swamp during fall, winter, and raining times.
- The third path that is considered a proper choice is from Aran va Bidgol city in the north of Kashan. You should go through a dirt road to the northwest and reach to the Maranjaab Caravanserai on the southern side of salt lake within three hours, then go to the east and get park ranger of Sefid Ab through a sandy road within three hours.